甘特图

甘特图是一种用于项目管理的强大工具。它直观地表示了项目进度表,让管理人员和团队成员对整个项目的开始和结束日期一目了然。该图沿着水平时间轴显示任务或活动,显示每个任务的持续时间、它们的顺序以及它们是如何重叠或同时运行的。

在甘特图中,每个任务由一个条形图表示,其长度和位置反映了任务的开始日期持续时间结束日期。这种格式便于理解任务之间的依赖关系,即一项任务必须在另一项任务开始之前完成。此外,甘特图还可包括里程碑,即项目时间轴上的重要事件或目标,并以明显的符号标出。

在创建甘特图方面,PlantUML有几个优势。它提供了一种基于文本的图表创建方法,便于使用版本控制系统跟踪更改。这种方法对于已经习惯了基于文本的编码环境的团队尤其有利。PlantUML 的甘特图语法简单明了,可以快速修改和更新项目时间表。此外,PlantUML 与其他工具的集成,以及从文本动态生成图表的能力,使其成为希望自动化和简化项目管理文档的团队的多功能选择。因此,使用 PlantUML 制作甘特图,可将可视化项目规划的清晰度和效率与基于文本系统的灵活性和控制性结合起来。

声明任务

甘特图用自然的语言描述,使用非常简单的句子(主谓补)。

任务用方括号定义。

工作量

使用 动词指定每项任务的工作量,以天数表示所需的工作量。requires

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] requires 15 days
[Test prototype] requires 10 days
-- All example --
[Task 1 (1 day)] requires 1 day
[T2 (5 days)] requires 5 days
[T3 (1 week)] requires 1 week
[T4 (1 week and 4 days)] requires 1 week and 4 days
[T5 (2 weeks)] requires 2 weeks
@endgantt

一周通常被理解为七天的时间跨度。但是,在某些天被指定为 "非工作日"(如周末)的情况下,一周可以用 "非工作日 "来重新定义。例如,如果周六和周日被标记为休息日,那么在这种情况下,一周就相当于五天的工作量,与其余的工作日相对应。

开始

它们的开头用start 动词定义:

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] requires 15 days
[Test prototype] requires 10 days

Project starts 2020-07-01
[Prototype design] starts 2020-07-01
[Test prototype] starts 2020-07-16
@endgantt

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] requires 15 days
[Test prototype] requires  10 days

[Prototype design] starts D+0
[Test prototype] starts D+15
@endgantt

[参考D+nn 形式:QA-14494]

结束

其结束用end 动词定义:

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] requires 15 days
[Test prototype] requires 10 days

Project starts 2020-07-01
[Prototype design] ends 2020-07-15
[Test prototype] ends 2020-07-25
@endgantt

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] requires 15 days
[Test prototype] requires 10 days

[Prototype design] ends D+14
[Test prototype] ends D+24
@endgantt

开始/结束

可以通过指定日期来绝对定义两者:

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
Project starts 2020-07-01
[Prototype design] starts 2020-07-01
[Test prototype] starts 2020-07-16
[Prototype design] ends 2020-07-15
[Test prototype] ends 2020-07-25

@endgantt

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] starts D+0
[Test prototype] starts D+15
[Prototype design] ends D+14
[Test prototype] ends D+24
@endgantt

单行声明(用and连词)

可以将声明与and 连词组合在一行。

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
Project starts 2020-07-01
[Prototype design] starts 2020-07-01 and ends 2020-07-15
[Test prototype] starts 2020-07-16 and requires 10 days
@endgantt

添加限制条件

可以在任务之间添加限制条件。

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] requires 15 days
[Test prototype] requires 10 days
[Test prototype] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
@endgantt

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] requires 10 days
[Code prototype] requires 10 days
[Write tests] requires 5 days
[Code prototype] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Write tests] starts at [Code prototype]'s start
@endgantt

短名称

可以用as 关键字为任务定义短名称。

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] as [D] requires 15 days
[Test prototype] as [T] requires 10 days
[T] starts at [D]'s end
@endgantt

自定义颜色

也可以通过is colored in## 自定义 颜色

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] requires 13 days
[Test prototype] requires 4 days
[Test prototype] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Prototype design] is colored in Fuchsia/FireBrick
[Test prototype] is colored in GreenYellow/Green
@endgantt

完成状态

添加完成百分比

可以通过命令设置任务的完成状态:
  • is xx% completed
  • is xx% complete

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[foo] requires 21 days
[foo] is 40% completed
[bar] requires 30 days and is 10% complete
@endgantt

更改完成度颜色(按样式)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt

<style>
ganttDiagram {
  task {
    BackGroundColor GreenYellow
    LineColor Green 
    unstarted {
      BackGroundColor Fuchsia 
      LineColor FireBrick
    }
  }
}
</style>

[Prototype design] requires 7 days
[Test prototype 0] requires 4 days
[Test prototype 10] requires 4 days
[Test prototype 20] requires 4 days
[Test prototype 30] requires 4 days
[Test prototype 40] requires 4 days
[Test prototype 50] requires 4 days
[Test prototype 60] requires 4 days
[Test prototype 70] requires 4 days
[Test prototype 80] requires 4 days
[Test prototype 90] requires 4 days
[Test prototype 100] requires 4 days

[Test prototype 0] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Test prototype 10] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Test prototype 20] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Test prototype 30] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Test prototype 40] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Test prototype 50] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Test prototype 60] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Test prototype 70] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Test prototype 80] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Test prototype 90] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Test prototype 100] starts at [Prototype design]'s end

[Test prototype 0] is 0% complete
[Test prototype 10] is 10% complete
[Test prototype 20] is 20% complete
[Test prototype 30] is 30% complete
[Test prototype 40] is 40% complete
[Test prototype 50] is 50% complete
[Test prototype 60] is 60% complete
[Test prototype 70] is 70% complete
[Test prototype 80] is 80% complete
[Test prototype 90] is 90% complete
[Test prototype 100] is 100% complete

@endgantt

[参考QA-8297]

里程碑

您可以使用happen verb 定义里程碑。

相对里程### 碑(使用限制条件)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Test prototype] requires 10 days
[Prototype completed] happens at [Test prototype]'s end
[Setup assembly line] requires 12 days
[Setup assembly line] starts at [Test prototype]'s end
@endgantt

绝对里程碑(使用固定日期)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
Project starts 2020-07-01
[Test prototype] requires 10 days
[Prototype completed] happens 2020-07-10
[Setup assembly line] requires 12 days
[Setup assembly line] starts at [Test prototype]'s end
@endgantt

任务最长结束时间里程碑

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Task1] requires 4 days
then [Task1.1] requires 4 days
[Task1.2] starts at [Task1]'s end and requires 7 days

[Task2] requires 5 days
then [Task2.1] requires 4 days

[MaxTaskEnd] happens at [Task1.1]'s end
[MaxTaskEnd] happens at [Task1.2]'s end
[MaxTaskEnd] happens at [Task2.1]'s end

@endgantt

[参考QA-10764]

超链接

您可以为任务添加超链接。

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[task1] requires 10 days
[task1] links to [[http://plantuml.com]]
@endgantt

日历

您可以为整个项目指定一个开始日期。默认情况下,第一个任务从该日期开始。

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
Project starts the 20th of september 2017
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 13 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
@endgantt

着色日

可以为某些日子添加颜色

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
Project starts the 2020/09/01 

2020/09/07 is colored in salmon
2020/09/13 to 2020/09/16 are colored in lightblue

[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 22 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Prototype completed] happens at [TASK1]'s end
@endgantt

更改比例

您可以使用以下参数之一更改超长项目的比例:
  • printscale
ganttscale
  • projectcale
以及以下值之一:
  • daily (by default)
  • weekly
monthly
  • quarterly
  • yearly

(SeeQA-11272,QA-9041andQA-10948)

Daily (by default)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
saturday are closed
sunday are closed

Project starts the 1st of january 2021
[Prototype design end] as [TASK1] requires 19 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 14 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

每周

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
printscale weekly
saturday are closed
sunday are closed

Project starts the 1st of january 2021
[Prototype design end] as [TASK1] requires 19 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 14 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
printscale weekly
Project starts the 20th of september 2020
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 130 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires  20 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

每月

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
projectscale monthly
Project starts the 20th of september 2020
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 130 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 20 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

每季度

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
projectscale quarterly
Project starts the 20th of september 2020
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 130 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 20 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
projectscale quarterly
Project starts the 1st of october 2020
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 700 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 200 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-03-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

每年

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
projectscale yearly
Project starts the 1st of october 2020
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 700 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 200 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-03-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

WARNING
 This translation need to be updated. 
WARNING

缩放(以所有比例尺为例)

可以使用参数更改缩放:
  • zoom <integer>

周标尺缩放

无缩放

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
printscale daily
saturday are closed
sunday are closed

Project starts the 1st of january 2021
[Prototype design end] as [TASK1] requires 8 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires  3 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

有缩放

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
printscale daily zoom 2
saturday are closed
sunday are closed

Project starts the 1st of january 2021
[Prototype design end] as [TASK1] requires 8 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 3 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

[Ref.QA-13725]

按周缩放

不缩放

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
printscale weekly
saturday are closed
sunday are closed

Project starts the 1st of january 2021
[Prototype design end] as [TASK1] requires 19 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 14 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

有缩放

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
printscale weekly zoom 4
saturday are closed
sunday are closed

Project starts the 1st of january 2021
[Prototype design end] as [TASK1] requires 19 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 14 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

在### 月比例尺上缩放

不缩放

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
projectscale monthly
Project starts the 20th of september 2020
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 130 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 20 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

带缩放

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
projectscale monthly zoom 3
Project starts the 20th of september 2020
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 130 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 20 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

按### 季度缩放

不带缩放功能

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
projectscale quarterly
Project starts the 20th of september 2020
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 130 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 20 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

带缩放

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
projectscale quarterly zoom 7
Project starts the 20th of september 2020
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 130 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 20 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

按年缩放

不带缩放功能

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
projectscale yearly
Project starts the 1st of october 2020
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 700 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 200 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-03-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

带缩放

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
projectscale yearly zoom 2
Project starts the 1st of october 2020
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 700 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 200 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-03-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

Weekscale with Weeknumbers or Calendar Date

With Weeknumbers (by default)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
printscale weekly
Project starts the 6th of July 2020
[Task1] on {Alice} requires 2 weeks
[Task2] on {Bob:50%} requires 2 weeks
then [Task3] on {Alice:25%} requires 3 days
@endgantt

With Calendar Date

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
printscale weekly with calendar date
Project starts the 6th of July 2020
[Task1] on {Alice} requires 2 weeks
[Task2] on {Bob:50%} requires 2 weeks
then [Task3] on {Alice:25%} requires 3 days
@endgantt

[Ref. QA-11630]

Close day

It is possible to close some day.

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
project starts the 2018/04/09
saturday are closed
sunday are closed
2018/05/01 is closed
2018/04/17 to 2018/04/19 is closed
[Prototype design] requires 14 days
[Test prototype] requires 4 days
[Test prototype] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Prototype design] is colored in Fuchsia/FireBrick
[Test prototype] is colored in GreenYellow/Green
@endgantt

Then it is possible to open some closed day.

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
2020-07-07 to 2020-07-17 is closed
2020-07-13 is open

Project starts the 2020-07-01
[Prototype design] requires 10 days
Then [Test prototype] requires 10 days
@endgantt

Definition of a week depending of closed days

A week is a synonym for how many non-closed days are in a week, as:

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
Project starts 2021-03-29
[Review 01] happens at 2021-03-29
[Review 02 - 3 weeks] happens on 3 weeks after [Review 01]'s end
[Review 02 - 21 days] happens on 21 days after [Review 01]'s end
@endgantt

So if you specify Saturday and Sunday as closed, a week will be equivalent to 5 days, as:

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
Project starts 2021-03-29
saturday are closed
sunday are closed
[Review 01] happens at 2021-03-29
[Review 02 - 3 weeks] happens on 3 weeks after [Review 01]'s end
[Review 02 - 21 days] happens on 21 days after [Review 01]'s end
@endgantt

[Ref. QA-13434]

Working days

It is possible to manage working days.

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt

saturday are closed
sunday are closed
2022-07-04 to 2022-07-15 is closed

Project starts 2022-06-27
[task1] starts at 2022-06-27 and requires 1 week
[task2] starts 2 working days after [task1]'s end and requires 3 days

@endgantt

[Ref. QA-16188]

Simplified task succession

It's possible to use the then keyword to denote consecutive tasks.

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] requires 14 days
then [Test prototype] requires 4 days
then [Deploy prototype] requires 6 days
@endgantt

You can also use arrow ->

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] requires 14 days
[Build prototype] requires 4 days
[Prepare test] requires 6 days
[Prototype design] -> [Build prototype]
[Prototype design] -> [Prepare test]
@endgantt

Working with resources

You can affect tasks on resources using the on keyword and brackets for resource name.

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Task1] on {Alice} requires 10 days
[Task2] on {Bob:50%} requires 2 days
then [Task3] on {Alice:25%} requires 1 days
@endgantt

Multiple resources can be assigned to a task:

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Task1] on {Alice} {Bob} requires 20 days
@endgantt

Resources can be marked as off on specific days:

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
project starts on 2020-06-19
[Task1] on {Alice} requires 10 days
{Alice} is off on 2020-06-24 to 2020-06-26
@endgantt

Hide resources

Without any hiding (by default)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Task1] on {Alice} requires 10 days
[Task2] on {Bob:50%} requires 2 days
then [Task3] on {Alice:25%} requires 1 days
then [Task4] on {Alice:25%} {Bob} requires 1 days
@endgantt

Hide resources names

You can hide ressources names and percentage, on tasks, using the hide ressources names keywords.

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
hide ressources names
[Task1] on {Alice} requires 10 days
[Task2] on {Bob:50%} requires 2 days
then [Task3] on {Alice:25%} requires 1 days
then [Task4] on {Alice:25%} {Bob} requires 1 days
@endgantt

Hide resources footbox

You can also hide ressources names on bottom of the diagram using the hide ressources footbox keywords.

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
hide ressources footbox
[Task1] on {Alice} requires 10 days
[Task2] on {Bob:50%} requires 2 days
then [Task3] on {Alice:25%} requires 1 days
then [Task4] on {Alice:25%} {Bob} requires 1 days
@endgantt

Hide the both (resources names and resources footbox)

You can also hide the both.

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
hide ressources names
hide ressources footbox
[Task1] on {Alice} requires  10 days
[Task2] on {Bob:50%} requires 2 days
then [Task3] on {Alice:25%} requires 1 days
then [Task4] on {Alice:25%} {Bob} requires 1 days
@endgantt

水平分隔符

您可以使用-- 来分隔任务集。

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Task1] requires 10 days
then [Task2] requires 4 days
-- Phase Two --
then [Task3] requires 5 days
then [Task4] requires 6 days
@endgantt

Vertical Separator

You can add Vertical Separators with the syntax: Separator just [at].

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[task1] requires 1 week
[task2] starts 20 days after [task1]'s end and requires 3 days

Separator just at [task1]'s end
Separator just 2 days after [task1]'s end

Separator just at [task2]'s start
Separator just 2 days before [task2]'s start
@endgantt

[Ref. QA-16247]

Complex example

It also possible to use the and conjunction.

You can also add delays in constraints.

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] requires 13 days and is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Test prototype] requires 9 days and is colored in Coral/Green and starts 3 days after [Prototype design]'s end
[Write tests] requires 5 days and ends at [Prototype design]'s end
[Hire tests writers] requires 6 days and ends at [Write tests]'s start
[Init and write tests report] is colored in Coral/Green
[Init and write tests report] starts 1 day before [Test prototype]'s start and ends at [Test prototype]'s end
@endgantt

Comments

As is mentioned on Common Commands page:
Everything that starts with simple quote ' is a comment.

You can also put comments on several lines using /' to start and '/ to end.
(i.e.: the first character (except space character) of a comment line must be a simple quote ')

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
' This is a comment

[T1] requires 3 days

/' this comment
is on several lines '/

[T2] starts at [T1]'s end and requires 1 day
@endgantt

Using style

Without style (by default)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Task1] requires 20 days
note bottom
  memo1 ...
  memo2 ...
  explanations1 ...
  explanations2 ...
end note
[Task2] requires 4 days
[Task1] -> [Task2]
-- Separator title --
[M1] happens on 5 days after [Task1]'s end
-- end --
@endgantt

With style

You can use style to change rendering of elements.

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
<style>
ganttDiagram {
	task {
		FontName Helvetica
		FontColor red
		FontSize 18
		FontStyle bold
		BackGroundColor GreenYellow
		LineColor blue
	}
	milestone {
		FontColor blue
		FontSize 25
		FontStyle italic
		BackGroundColor yellow
		LineColor red
	}
	note {
		FontColor DarkGreen
		FontSize 10
		LineColor OrangeRed
	}
	arrow {
		FontName Helvetica
		FontColor red
		FontSize 18
		FontStyle bold
		BackGroundColor GreenYellow
		LineColor blue
	}
	separator {
		LineColor red
		BackGroundColor green
		FontSize 16
		FontStyle bold
		FontColor purple
	}
}
</style>
[Task1] requires 20 days
note bottom
  memo1 ...
  memo2 ...
  explanations1 ...
  explanations2 ...
end note
[Task2] requires 4 days
[Task1] -> [Task2]
-- Separator title --
[M1] happens on 5 days after [Task1]'s end
-- end --
@endgantt

[Ref. QA-10835, QA-12045, QA-11877 and PR-438]

With style (full example)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
<style>
ganttDiagram {
	task {
		FontName Helvetica
		FontColor red
		FontSize 18
		FontStyle bold
		BackGroundColor GreenYellow
		LineColor blue
	}
	milestone {
		FontColor blue
		FontSize 25
		FontStyle italic
		BackGroundColor yellow
		LineColor red
	}
	note {
		FontColor DarkGreen
		FontSize 10
		LineColor OrangeRed
	}
	arrow {
		FontName Helvetica
		FontColor red
		FontSize 18
		FontStyle bold
		BackGroundColor GreenYellow
		LineColor blue
		LineStyle 8.0;13.0
		LineThickness 3.0
	}
	separator {
		BackgroundColor lightGreen
		LineStyle 8.0;3.0
		LineColor red
		LineThickness 1.0
		FontSize 16
		FontStyle bold
		FontColor purple
		Margin 5
		Padding 20
	}
	timeline {
	    BackgroundColor Bisque
	}
	closed {
		BackgroundColor pink
		FontColor red
	}
}
</style>
Project starts the 2020-12-01

[Task1] requires 10 days
sunday are closed

note bottom
  memo1 ...
  memo2 ...
  explanations1 ...
  explanations2 ...
end note

[Task2] requires 20 days
[Task2] starts 10 days after [Task1]'s end
-- Separator title --
[M1] happens on 5 days after [Task1]'s end

<style>
	separator {
	    LineColor black
		Margin 0
		Padding 0
	}
</style>

-- end --
@endgantt

[Ref. QA-13570, QA-13672]

DONE
Thanks for style for Separator and all style for Arrow (thickness...)

Clean style

With style, you can also clean a Gantt diagram (showing tasks, dependencies and relative durations only - but no actual start date and no actual scale):

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
<style>
ganttDiagram {
  timeline {
    LineColor transparent
    FontColor transparent
 }
}
</style>

hide footbox
[Test prototype] requires 7 days
[Prototype completed] happens at [Test prototype]'s end
[Setup assembly line] requires 9 days
[Setup assembly line] starts at [Test prototype]'s end
then [Setup] requires 5 days
[T2] requires 2 days and starts at [Test prototype]'s end
then [T3] requires 3 days
-- end task --
then [T4] requires 2 days
@endgantt

[Ref. QA-13971]

Or:

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
<style>
ganttDiagram {
  timeline {
    LineColor transparent
    FontColor transparent
  }
  closed {
    FontColor transparent
  }
}
</style>

hide footbox
project starts the 2018/04/09
saturday are closed
sunday are closed
2018/05/01 is closed
2018/04/17 to 2018/04/19 is closed
[Prototype design] requires 9 days
[Test prototype] requires 5 days
[Test prototype] starts at [Prototype design]'s end
[Prototype design] is colored in Fuchsia/FireBrick
[Test prototype] is colored in GreenYellow/Green
@endgantt

[Ref. QA-13464]

添加注释

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[task01] requires 15 days
note bottom
  memo1 ...
  memo2 ...
  explanations1 ...
  explanations2 ...
end note

[task01] -> [task02]

@endgantt

有重叠的例子。

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[task01] requires 15 days
note bottom
  memo1 ...
  memo2 ...
  explanations1 ...
  explanations2 ...
end note

[task01] -> [task02]
[task03] requires 5 days

@endgantt

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt

-- test01 --

[task01] requires 4 days
note bottom
'note left
memo1 ...
memo2 ...
explanations1 ...
explanations2 ...
end note

[task02] requires 8 days
[task01] -> [task02]
note bottom
'note left
memo1 ...
memo2 ...
explanations1 ...
explanations2 ...
end note
-- test02 --

[task03] as [t3] requires 7 days
[t3] -> [t4]
@endgantt

完成
谢谢你在重叠时的修正(#386v1.2020.18上)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt

Project starts 2020-09-01

[taskA] starts 2020-09-01 and requires 3 days
[taskB] starts 2020-09-10 and requires 3 days
[taskB] displays on same row as [taskA]

[task01] starts 2020-09-05 and requires 4 days

then [task02] requires 8 days
note bottom
  note for task02
  more notes
end note

then [task03] requires 7 days
note bottom
  note for task03
  more notes
end note

-- separator --

[taskC] starts 2020-09-02 and requires 5 days
[taskD] starts 2020-09-09 and requires 5 days
[taskD] displays on same row as [taskC]

[task 10] starts 2020-09-05 and requires 5 days
then [task 11] requires 5 days
note bottom
  note for task11
  more notes
end note
@endgantt

Pause tasks

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
Project starts the 5th of december 2018
saturday are closed
sunday are closed
2018/12/29 is opened
[Prototype design] requires 17 days
[Prototype design] pauses on 2018/12/13
[Prototype design] pauses on 2018/12/14
[Prototype design] pauses on monday
[Test prototype] starts at [Prototype design]'s end and requires 2 weeks
@endgantt

Change link colors

You can change link colors:
  • with this syntax: with <color> <style> link

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[T1] requires 4 days
[T2] requires 4 days and starts 3 days after [T1]'s end with blue dotted link
[T3] requires 4 days and starts 3 days after [T2]'s end with green bold link
[T4] requires 4 days and starts 3 days after [T3]'s end with green dashed link
@endgantt

  • or directly by using arrow style

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
<style>
ganttDiagram {
	arrow {
		LineColor blue
	}
}
</style>
[Prototype design] requires 7 days
[Build prototype] requires 4 days
[Prepare test] requires 6 days
[Prototype design] -[#FF00FF]-> [Build prototype]
[Prototype design] -[dotted]-> [Prepare test]
Then [Run test]  requires 4 days
@endgantt

[Ref. QA-13693]

Tasks or Milestones on the same line

You can put Tasks or Milestones on the same line, with this syntax:
  • [T|M] displays on same row as [T|M]

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] requires 13 days
[Test prototype] requires 4 days and 1 week
[Test prototype] starts 1 week and 2 days after [Prototype design]'s end
[Test prototype] displays on same row as [Prototype design]
[r1] happens on 5 days after [Prototype design]'s end
[r2] happens on 5 days after [r1]'s end
[r3] happens on 5 days after [r2]'s end
[r2] displays on same row as [r1]
[r3] displays on same row as [r1]
@endgantt

今天的亮点

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
Project starts the 20th of september 2018
sunday are close
2018/09/21 to 2018/09/23 are colored in salmon
2018/09/21 to 2018/09/30 are named [Vacation in the Bahamas] 

today is 30 days after start and is colored in #AAF
[Foo] happens 40 days after start
[Dummy] requires 10 days and starts 10 days after start

@endgantt

Task between two milestones

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
project starts on 2020-07-01
[P_start] happens 2020-07-03
[P_end]   happens 2020-07-13
[Prototype design] occurs from [P_start] to [P_end]
@endgantt

Grammar and verbal form

Verbal form Example
[T] starts
[M] happens

Add title, header, footer, caption or legend

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt

header some header

footer some footer

title My title

[Prototype design] requires 13 days

legend
The legend
end legend

caption This is caption

@endgantt

(See also: Common commands)

移除脚盒(所有比例的例子)

你可以使用hide footbox 关键字来移除甘特图的脚盒

上的例子。

  • 每日规模(没有项目开始)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt

hide footbox
title Foot Box removed

[Prototype design] requires 15 days
[Test prototype] requires 10 days
@endgantt

  • 日线图

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt

Project starts the 20th of september 2017
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 13 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue

hide footbox
@endgantt

  • 周尺度

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
hide footbox

printscale weekly
saturday are closed
sunday are closed

Project starts the 1st of january 2021
[Prototype design end] as [TASK1] requires 19 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 14 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

  • 月度规模

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt

hide footbox

projectscale monthly
Project starts the 20th of september 2020
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 130 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 20 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are named [End's committee]
2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

  • 季度表

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt

hide footbox

projectscale quarterly
Project starts the 1st of october 2020
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 700 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 200 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-03-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

  • 年度规模

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt

hide footbox

projectscale yearly
Project starts the 1st of october 2020
[Prototype design] as [TASK1] requires 700 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 200 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-03-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

日历的语言

你可以选择甘特日历的语言,用 language <xx>命令,其中 <xx>是语言的ISO 639代码

英语(en,默认)。

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
saturday are closed
sunday are closed

Project starts 2021-01-01
[Prototype design end] as [TASK1] requires 19 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 14 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

Deutsch (de)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
language de
saturday are closed
sunday are closed

Project starts 2021-01-01
[Prototype design end] as [TASK1] requires 19 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 14 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

日语 (ja)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
language ja
saturday are closed
sunday are closed

Project starts 2021-01-01
[Prototype design end] as [TASK1] requires 19 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 14 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

Chinese (zh)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
language zh
saturday are closed
sunday are closed

Project starts 2021-01-01
[Prototype design end] as [TASK1] requires 19 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 14 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

Korean (ko)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
language ko
saturday are closed
sunday are closed

Project starts 2021-01-01
[Prototype design end] as [TASK1] requires 19 days
[TASK1] is colored in Lavender/LightBlue
[Testing] requires 14 days
[TASK1]->[Testing]

2021-01-18 to 2021-01-22 are colored in salmon 
@endgantt

删除任务或里程碑

您可以将某些任务或里程碑标记为deleted ,而不是正常完成,以区分可能已被丢弃、推迟或其他的任务。

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Prototype design] requires 1 weeks
then [Prototype completed] requires 4 days
[End Prototype completed] happens at [Prototype completed]'s end
then [Test prototype] requires 5 days
[End Test prototype] happens at [Test prototype]'s end

[Prototype completed] is deleted
[End Prototype completed] is deleted
@endgantt

[参考QA-9129]

Start a project, a task or a milestone a number of days before or after today

You can start a project, a task or a milestone a number of days before or after today, using the builtin functions %now and %date:

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
title Today is %date("YYYY-MM-dd")
!$now = %now()
!$past = %date("YYYY-MM-dd", $now - 14*24*3600)
Project starts $past
today is colored in pink
[foo] requires 10 days
[bar] requires 5 days and starts %date("YYYY-MM-dd", $now + 4*24*3600)
[Tomorrow] happens %date("YYYY-MM-dd", $now + 1*24*3600)
@endgantt

[Ref. QA-16285]

Change Label position

The labels are near elements (by default)

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
[Task1] requires 1 days
then [Task2_long_long_long] as [T2] requires 2 days
-- Phase Two --
then [Task3] as [T3] requires 2 days
[Task4] as [T4] requires 1 day
[Task5] as [T5] requires 2 days
[T2] -> [T4]
[T2] -> [T5]
[Task6_long_long_long] as [T6] requires 4 days
[T3] -> [T6]
[T5] -> [T6]
[End] happens 1 day after [T6]'s end
@endgantt

To change the label position, you can use the command label:

Label on first column

  • Left aligned

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
Label on first column and left aligned
[Task1] requires 1 days
then [Task2_long_long_long] as [T2] requires 2 days
-- Phase Two --
then [Task3] as [T3] requires 2 days
[Task4] as [T4] requires 1 day
[Task5] as [T5] requires 2 days
[T2] -> [T4]
[T2] -> [T5]
[Task6_long_long_long] as [T6] requires 4 days
[T3] -> [T6]
[T5] -> [T6]
[End] happens 1 day after [T6]'s end
@endgantt

  • Right aligned

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
Label on first column and right aligned
[Task1] requires 1 days
then [Task2_long_long_long] as [T2] requires 2 days
-- Phase Two --
then [Task3] as [T3] requires 2 days
[Task4] as [T4] requires 1 day
[Task5] as [T5] requires 2 days
[T2] -> [T4]
[T2] -> [T5]
[Task6_long_long_long] as [T6] requires 4 days
[T3] -> [T6]
[T5] -> [T6]
[End] happens 1 day after [T6]'s end
@endgantt

Label on last column

  • Left aligned

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
Label on last column and left aligned
[Task1] requires 1 days
then [Task2_long_long_long] as [T2] requires 2 days
-- Phase Two --
then [Task3] as [T3] requires 2 days
[Task4] as [T4] requires 1 day
[Task5] as [T5] requires 2 days
[T2] -> [T4]
[T2] -> [T5]
[Task6_long_long_long] as [T6] requires 4 days
[T3] -> [T6]
[T5] -> [T6]
[End] happens 1 day after [T6]'s end
@endgantt

  • Right aligned

🎉 Copied!

@startgantt
Label on last column and right aligned
[Task1] requires 1 days
then [Task2_long_long_long] as [T2] requires 2 days
-- Phase Two --
then [Task3] as [T3] requires 2 days
[Task4] as [T4] requires 1 day
[Task5] as [T5] requires 2 days
[T2] -> [T4]
[T2] -> [T5]
[Task6_long_long_long] as [T6] requires 4 days
[T3] -> [T6]
[T5] -> [T6]
[End] happens 1 day after [T6]'s end
@endgantt

[Ref. QA-12433]


Privacy Policy      Advertise