网络图(mwdiag)

nwdiag 是一位名叫 Takeshi Komiya 的人创建的,这使得我们可以快速绘制网络拓扑图。让我们为此感谢他的创作!

由于语法非常清晰和简单,该功能已经集成在PlantUML中。我们在这里展示Takeshi归档整理的示例。

简单图示

定义一个网络

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network dmz {
      address = "210.x.x.x/24"
  }
}
@enduml

定义网络中的一些元素或服务器

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network dmz {
      address = "210.x.x.x/24"

      web01 [address = "210.x.x.1"];
      web02 [address = "210.x.x.2"];
  }
}
@enduml

完整的例子

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network dmz {
      address = "210.x.x.x/24"

      web01 [address = "210.x.x.1"];
      web02 [address = "210.x.x.2"];
  }
  network internal {
      address = "172.x.x.x/24";

      web01 [address = "172.x.x.1"];
      web02 [address = "172.x.x.2"];
      db01;
      db02;
  }
}
@enduml

定义多个地址

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network dmz {
      address = "210.x.x.x/24"

      // set multiple addresses (using comma)
      web01 [address = "210.x.x.1, 210.x.x.20"];
      web02 [address = "210.x.x.2"];
  }
  network internal {
      address = "172.x.x.x/24";

      web01 [address = "172.x.x.1"];
      web02 [address = "172.x.x.2"];
      db01;
      db02;
  }
}
@enduml

群节点

在网络定义中定义组

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network Sample_front {
    address = "192.168.10.0/24";

    // define group
    group web {
      web01 [address = ".1"];
      web02 [address = ".2"];
    }
  }
  network Sample_back {
    address = "192.168.20.0/24";
    web01 [address = ".1"];
    web02 [address = ".2"];
    db01 [address = ".101"];
    db02 [address = ".102"];

    // define network using defined nodes
    group db {
      db01;
      db02;
    }
  }
}
@enduml

在网络定义之外定义组

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  // define group outside of network definitions
  group {
    color = "#FFAAAA";

    web01;
    web02;
    db01;
  }

  network dmz {
    web01;
    web02;
  }
  network internal {
    web01;
    web02;
    db01;
    db02;
  }
}
@enduml

在同一个网络上定义不同的一些组

一个定义了两个组的例子

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  group {
    color = "#FFaaaa";
    web01;
    db01;
  }
  group {
    color = "#aaaaFF";
    web02;
    db02;
  }
  network dmz {
      address = "210.x.x.x/24"

      web01 [address = "210.x.x.1"];
      web02 [address = "210.x.x.2"];
  }
  network internal {
      address = "172.x.x.x/24";

      web01 [address = "172.x.x.1"];
      web02 [address = "172.x.x.2"];
      db01 ;
      db02 ;
  }
}
@enduml

[Ref. QA-12663]

定义了三个组的例子

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  group {
    color = "#FFaaaa";
    web01;
    db01;
  }
  group {
    color = "#aaFFaa";
    web02;
    db02;
  }
  group {
    color = "#aaaaFF";
    web03;
    db03;
  }

  network dmz {
      web01;
      web02;
      web03;
  }
  network internal {
      web01;
      db01 ;
      web02;
      db02 ;
      web03;
      db03;
  }
}
@enduml

[Ref. QA-13138]

拓展语法 (适用于组或者网络)

网络

用于网络或者网络的组成部分,你可以添加或者修改:

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network Sample_front {
    address = "192.168.10.0/24"
    color = "red"

    // define group
    group web {
      web01 [address = ".1, .2", shape = "node"]
      web02 [address = ".2, .3"]
    }
  }
  network Sample_back {
    address = "192.168.20.0/24"
    color = "palegreen"
    web01 [address = ".1"]
    web02 [address = ".2"]
    db01 [address = ".101", shape = database ]
    db02 [address = ".102"]

    // define network using defined nodes
    group db {
      db01;
      db02;
    }
  }
}
@enduml

对于组,你可以添加或修改:

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  group {
    color = "#CCFFCC";
    description = "Long group description";

    web01;
    web02;
    db01;
  }

  network dmz {
    web01;
    web02;
  }
  network internal {
    web01;
    web02;
    db01 [address = ".101", shape = database];
  }
}
@enduml

[Ref. QA-12056]

Using Sprites

You can use all sprites (icons) from the Standard Library or any other library.

Use the notation <$sprite> to use a sprite, \n to make a new line, or any other Creole syntax.

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
!include <office/Servers/application_server>
!include <office/Servers/database_server>

nwdiag {
  network dmz {
      address = "210.x.x.x/24"

      // set multiple addresses (using comma)
      web01 [address = "210.x.x.1, 210.x.x.20",  description = "<$application_server>\n web01"]
      web02 [address = "210.x.x.2",  description = "<$application_server>\n web02"];
  }
  network internal {
      address = "172.x.x.x/24";

      web01 [address = "172.x.x.1"];
      web02 [address = "172.x.x.2"];
      db01 [address = "172.x.x.100",  description = "<$database_server>\n db01"];
      db02 [address = "172.x.x.101",  description = "<$database_server>\n db02"];
  }
}
@enduml

[Ref. QA-11862]

Using OpenIconic

You can also use the icons from OpenIconic in network or node descriptions.

Use the notation <&icon> to make an icon, <&icon*n> to multiply the size by a factor n, and \n to make a newline:

🎉 Copied!
@startuml

nwdiag {
  group nightly {
    color = "#FFAAAA";
    description = "<&clock> Restarted nightly <&clock>";
    web02;
    db01;
  }
  network dmz {
      address = "210.x.x.x/24"

      user [description = "<&person*4.5>\n user1"];
      // set multiple addresses (using comma)
      web01 [address = "210.x.x.1, 210.x.x.20",  description = "<&cog*4>\nweb01"]
      web02 [address = "210.x.x.2",  description = "<&cog*4>\nweb02"];

  }
  network internal {
      address = "172.x.x.x/24";

      web01 [address = "172.x.x.1"];
      web02 [address = "172.x.x.2"];
      db01 [address = "172.x.x.100",  description = "<&spreadsheet*4>\n db01"];
      db02 [address = "172.x.x.101",  description = "<&spreadsheet*4>\n db02"];
      ptr  [address = "172.x.x.110",  description = "<&print*4>\n ptr01"];
  }
}
@enduml

Same nodes on more than two networks

You can use same nodes on different networks (more than two networks); nwdiag use in this case 'jump line' over networks.

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  // define group at outside network definitions
  group {
    color = "#7777FF";

    web01;
    web02;
    db01;
  }

  network dmz {
    color = "pink"

    web01;
    web02;
  }

  network internal {
    web01;
    web02;
    db01 [shape = database ];
  }

  network internal2 {
    color = "LightBlue";

    web01;
    web02;
    db01;
  }

}
@enduml

Peer networks

Peer networks are simple connections between two nodes, for which we don't use a horizontal "busbar" network

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  inet [shape = cloud];
  inet -- router;

  network {
    router;
    web01;
    web02;
  }
}
@enduml

Peer networks and group

Without group

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
    internet [ shape = cloud];
    internet -- router;

    network proxy {
        router;
        app;
    }
    network default {
    	app;
        db;
    }
}
@enduml

Group on first

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
    internet [ shape = cloud];
    internet -- router;

    group {
      color = "pink";
      app;
      db;
    }

    network proxy {
        router;
        app;
    }

    network default {
    	app;
        db;
    }
}
@enduml

Group on second

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
    internet [ shape = cloud];
    internet -- router;

    network proxy {
        router;
        app;
    }

    group {
      color = "pink";
      app;
      db;
    }

    network default {
    	app;
        db;
    }
}
@enduml

FIXME
Why the line on proxy for 'db'? ('db' must be only on 'default network') [See example without group]

Group on third

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
    internet [ shape = cloud];
    internet -- router;

    network proxy {
        router;
        app;
    }
    network default {
    	app;
        db;
    }
    group {
      color = "pink";
      app;
      db;
    }
}
@enduml

FIXME
[Ref. Issue#408 and QA-12655]
Not totally fixed

Add title, caption, header, footer or legend on network diagram

🎉 Copied!
@startuml

header some header

footer some footer

title My title

nwdiag {
  network inet {
      web01 [shape = cloud]
  }
}

legend
The legend
end legend

caption This is caption
@enduml

[Ref. QA-11303 and Common commands]

With or without shadow

With shadow (by default)

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network nw {
    server;
    internet;
  }
  internet [shape = cloud];
}
@enduml

Without shadow

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
<style>
root {
 shadowing 0
}
</style>
nwdiag {
  network nw {
    server;
    internet;
  }
  internet [shape = cloud];
}
@enduml

[Ref. QA-14516]

Change width of the networks

You can change the width of the networks, especially in order to have the same full width for only some or all networks.

Here are some examples, with all the possibilities:
  • without

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network NETWORK_BASE {
   dev_A   [address = "dev_A" ]
   dev_B [address = "dev_B" ]
  }
  network IntNET1 {
   dev_B [address = "dev_B1" ]
   dev_M [address = "dev_M1" ]
  }
  network IntNET2 {
   dev_B [address = "dev_B2" ]
   dev_M [address = "dev_M2" ]
 }
}
@enduml

  • only the first

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network NETWORK_BASE {
   width = full
   dev_A   [address = "dev_A" ]
   dev_B [address = "dev_B" ]
  }
  network IntNET1 {
   dev_B [address = "dev_B1" ]
   dev_M [address = "dev_M1" ]
  }
  network IntNET2 {
   dev_B [address = "dev_B2" ]
   dev_M [address = "dev_M2" ]
 }
}
@enduml

  • the first and the second

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network NETWORK_BASE {
   width = full
   dev_A   [address = "dev_A" ]
   dev_B [address = "dev_B" ]
  }
  network IntNET1 {
   width = full
   dev_B [address = "dev_B1" ]
   dev_M [address = "dev_M1" ]
  }
  network IntNET2 {
   dev_B [address = "dev_B2" ]
   dev_M [address = "dev_M2" ]
 }
}
@enduml

  • all the network (with same full width)

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network NETWORK_BASE {
   width = full
   dev_A   [address = "dev_A" ]
   dev_B [address = "dev_B" ]
  }
  network IntNET1 {
   width = full
   dev_B [address = "dev_B1" ]
   dev_M [address = "dev_M1" ]
  }
  network IntNET2 {
   width = full
   dev_B [address = "dev_B2" ]
   dev_M [address = "dev_M2" ]
 }
}
@enduml

Other internal networks

You can define other internal networks (TCP/IP, USB, SERIAL,...).

  • Without address or type

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network LAN1 {
     a [address = "a1"];
  }
  network LAN2 {
     a [address = "a2"];
     switch;
  }
  switch -- equip;
  equip -- printer;
}
@enduml

  • With address or type

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network LAN1 {
     a [address = "a1"];
  }
  network LAN2 {
     a [address = "a2"];
     switch [address = "s2"];
  }
  switch -- equip;
  equip [address = "e3"];
  equip -- printer;
  printer [address = "USB"];
}
@enduml

[Ref. QA-12824]

Using (global) style

Without style (by default)

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network DMZ {
      address = "y.x.x.x/24"
      web01 [address = "y.x.x.1"];
      web02 [address = "y.x.x.2"];
  }

   network Internal {
    web01;
    web02;
    db01 [address = "w.w.w.z", shape = database];
  } 

    group {
    description = "long group label";
    web01;
    web02;
    db01;
  }
}
@enduml

With style

You can use style to change rendering of elements.

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
<style>
nwdiagDiagram {
  network {
    BackGroundColor green
    LineColor red
    LineThickness 1.0
    FontSize 18
    FontColor navy
  }
  server {
    BackGroundColor pink
    LineColor yellow
    LineThickness 1.0
    ' FontXXX only for description or label
    FontSize 18
    FontColor #blue
  }
  arrow {
    ' FontXXX only for address 
    FontSize 17
    FontColor #red
    FontName Monospaced
    LineColor black
  }
  group {
    BackGroundColor cadetblue
    LineColor black
    LineThickness 2.0
    FontSize 11
    FontStyle bold
    Margin 5
    Padding 5
  }
}
</style>
nwdiag {
  network DMZ {
      address = "y.x.x.x/24"
      web01 [address = "y.x.x.1"];
      web02 [address = "y.x.x.2"];
  }

   network Internal {
    web01;
    web02;
    db01 [address = "w.w.w.z", shape = database];
  } 

    group {
    description = "long group label";
    web01;
    web02;
    db01;
  }
}
@enduml

[Ref. QA-14479]

Appendix: Test of all shapes on Network diagram (nwdiag)

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network Network {
    Actor       [shape = actor]       
    Agent       [shape = agent]       
    Artifact    [shape = artifact]    
    Boundary    [shape = boundary]    
    Card        [shape = card]        
    Cloud       [shape = cloud]       
    Collections [shape = collections] 
    Component   [shape = component]   
  }
}
@enduml

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network Network {
    Control     [shape = control]     
    Database    [shape = database]    
    Entity      [shape = entity]      
    File        [shape = file]        
    Folder      [shape = folder]      
    Frame       [shape = frame]       
    Hexagon     [shape = hexagon]     
    Interface   [shape = interface]   
  }
}
@enduml

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
  network Network {
    Label       [shape = label]       
    Node        [shape = node]        
    Package     [shape = package]     
    Person      [shape = person]      
    Queue       [shape = queue]       
    Stack       [shape = stack]       
    Rectangle   [shape = rectangle]   
    Storage     [shape = storage]     
    Usecase     [shape = usecase]     
  }
}
@enduml

FIXME
  1. Overlap of label for folder
  2. Hexagon shape is missing

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
network Network {
Folder [shape = folder]
Hexagon [shape = hexagon]
}
}
@enduml

🎉 Copied!
@startuml
nwdiag {
network Network {
Folder [shape = folder, description = "Test, long long label\nTest, long long label"]
Hexagon [shape = hexagon, description = "Test, long long label\nTest, long long label"]
}
}
@enduml

FIXME